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        2021年重慶成人高考高升?!队⒄Z》誤用講解:虛擬語氣

        2021-02-03 16:25:11   來源:重慶成考網    點擊:
        作者:熊老師

          重慶成考網為了幫助同學們更好的備考,特別整理了2021年重慶成人高考高升?!队⒄Z》誤用講解:虛擬語氣,希望同學們努力備考,在此預祝同學們順利通過考試!

          1、中文:我要是你,我不會那么做。

          (誤)I shouldn't do that if I was you.

          (正)I shouldn't do that if I were you.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣不能用was,只能用were.)

          2、中文:要是我父親現在在這里,他會告訴我該做什么。

          (誤)If my father were here now,he will tell me what to do.

          (正)If my father were here now,he would tell me what to do.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣中,主句的助動詞只能用would,might等過去時。)

          3、中文:要是我知道她的電話號碼,我就會給她打電話了。

          (誤)If I knew her telephone number,I would have called her.

          (正)If I had known her telephone number,I would have called her.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞要用過去完成時。)

          4、中文:要是昨天沒下雨她也許會來。

          (誤)If it had not rained yesterday,he might come.

          (正)If it had not rained yesterday,he might have come.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,主句的動詞要用助動詞的過去時might,could等+HAVE+過去分詞。)

          5、中文:我不認為我會失敗,但要是我失敗了,我會再努力。

          (誤)I don't think that I shall fail. But if I failed,I would try again.

          (正)I don't think that I shall fail. But if I should fail,I would try again.(表示與將來事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞用should加原形動詞。)

          6、中文:他要是帶了錢就會買它。

          (誤)Did he bring some money with him,he would have bought it.

          (正)Had he brought some money with him,he would have bought it.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞要用過去完成時,若省略if,則用倒裝形式。)

          7、中文:她要是個男人可能會當選總統。

          (誤)Be she a man,she might be elected president.

          (正)Were she a man,she might be elected president.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣,不能用was,只能用were;若省略if,則將were放在句首。)

          8、中文:我提議提高教師的薪資。

          (誤)I suggested that the teachers' wages could be increased.

          (正)I suggested that the teachers' wages should be increased.(suggest當建議講時,后面的名詞從句的主要動詞要用should加原形動詞,should可以省略。)

          9、中文:他這么做是重要的。

          (誤)It is important that he will do it.

          (正)It is important that he do it.(It is important+that引導的名詞從句的動詞要用should加原形動詞,should可以省略。)

          以上是關于“2021年重慶成人高考高升?!队⒄Z》誤用講解:虛擬語氣”的全部內容,想獲取更多關于重慶成人高考的相關資訊,如重慶成考報名時間、報考條件、成績查詢、成考專業、成考答疑等,敬請關注重慶成考網(www.scxinghonglawyer.com/)。

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